According to the New York Times
, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has announced that he will propose to distribute cannabis for medical purposes through hospitals. The idea is that he will reactivate the “Oliveiri Statute
,” New York State’s medical cannabis law from the early 1980s that has sat unused on the statute books for decades.
I consider his proposal dead on arrival. The practical import of the Governor’s proposal is that he is now on record as supporting a medical cannabis distribution scheme, leaving Senate Republicans as the sole holdouts. There is now one less major obstacle to enactment of a medical cannabis for New York State. The only question is what will be the form.
The Governor’s proposal is unworkable – and unnecessary
Governor Chris Christie in New Jersey proposed the same thing in that state back in 2010 as an attempt to delay implementation of the New Jersey med cannabis bill: instead of promulgating regulations giving effect to the statute as enacted, he said that Rutgers University would grow cannabis for the program
and Rutgers said so oh no we won’t
, we’re federally-funded and we’re not going to jeopardize our federal funding by violating federal law, which prohibits all cultivation, distribution and possession of cannabis for any and all purposes. The proposal that Rutgers distribute faded away quickly.
Moreover, the idea of distributing cannabis through hospitals in the guise of open-ended “clinical trials” is long obsolete.
The Oliveiri statute was created in the early 1980s as part of a wave of similar statutes in other states; that was a time when it seemed that the federal government would permit clinical trials of cannabis and therefore a state could distribute cannabis to patients in the guise of an open-ended clinical trial. However, this idea died in the long night of the Reagan/Bush administrations, when the DEA rejected its own Administrative Law Judge’s ruling in 1988 that cannabis be moved out of Schedule I and the Bush Administration closed the Compassionate IND program to new patients (that being the program by which the federal government distributes cannabis from its grow operation in Mississippi directly to patients, only four of whom remain alive).
The distribution model that is currently in place is retail dispensaries operated by private citizens.
The state medical cannabis laws that have emerged since 1996, when a voter initiative in California (Proposition 215) legalized medical use have left the Oliveiri distribution model in the dust – due to total intransigence at the federal level. The retail dispensary is the model which New York State Assembly Member Richard Gottfried has been attempting to make law since 1997. He has introduced the bill every year and every year the bill has become more restrictive
as opposition from Senate Republicans leads advocate to hope that their compromises will lead the opponents to meet them halfway.
In other words, Governor Cuomo has taken the bold step of proposing…a medical cannabis scheme that is functionally impossible – and also unnecessary since all that is necessary is for him to endorse the Gottfried/Savino bill.
I am curious to see what the Hospital Association of New York State and similar folks, such as New York health lawyers, say about his plan.
If this proposal is dead on arrival then it’s not really a legitimate attempt to enact a medical cannabis system.
It is likely an attempt to derail both the Gottfried/Savino medical-use-only bill and Senator Liz Krueger’s full legalization bill
. On the other hand, it could be an attempt to pass the buck on the medical cannabis bill which Gottfried has attempted to pass for fifteen+ years: Cuomo may be trying to put the spotlight on the opponents in the Senate and force them to explain their opposition now.
The irony is that the Times article portrays Cuomo’s plan as the executive branch’s attempt to overcome the longstanding failure of the legislative branch to pass Gottfried’s medical cannabis bill when the opponents of Gottfried’s bill in the legislature have been saying that if Cuomo doesn’t support a medical bill then why should we?
(The Governor’s proposal also could provide a new challenge to the federal government’s policy of preventing clinical trials of cannabis: presumably implementing the Oliveri Statute wouldn’t be a problem if the federal government would reopen the Compassionate IND Program and direct the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s farm at the University of Mississippi to distribute to hospitals.)
On the whole, the Governor’s announcement is a positive step forward – at least if you believe that, now that the other states have moved on to full legalization, there is any purpose in enacting a medical-use-only law.